How many bitcoins are there?

The maximum supply of bitcoin is 21 million. However, this does not tell the whole story. Over time, it becomes increasingly difficult get bitcoin Because of the economics of assets. Here is a full breakdown of how Bitcoin works and why exactly it has a limited supply.

Read: Are you looking to diversify into a bear market? Consider these 6 alternative investments

Bitcoin Tokens: Proof of Work, Mining, and Halving Cycles

Tokenomics, as one might imagine, refers to the economics of a token. Similar to the way fiat currencies, such as dollars, are issued by governments and regulated through monetary policy, tokens refer to the rules and functions that revolve around them. Cryptocurrency.

Here are all the ins and outs of the bitcoin token, why the show was fixed and how it works.

Why use Bitcoin Proof of Work and Mining

Bitcoin It uses what’s called a proof-of-work consensus mechanism. Essentially, this means spending a lot of energy in the form of computers to solve complex mathematical problems. This process is known as “mining” in the cryptocurrency world.

This functionality not only secures the network, but also validates transactions and fulfills Bitcoin’s goal of eliminating “double spending” from existence. Double spending is the concept of counterfeiting money and the inability to tell the real currency apart from the counterfeit one.

Miners contribute to the network behind the scenes by validating transactions to bridge this gap. In return, the first miner to verify all transactions on a block in the blockchain will receive a reward – approximately 6.25 bitcoins as of the time of writing in 2022. However, this will change over time as a result of Bitcoin ‘halving. “

How Bitcoin Halving Cycles Work

The Bitcoin halving cycle is when it is a file Rewards for miners To complete a half block. It happens once every four years.

The purpose behind the halving is to limit supply and support the deflationary nature of Bitcoin. As it becomes more difficult to mine bitcoin, the supply decreases which corresponds to the increase in demand.

this is the reason Bitcoin volatility It is usually taken every four years or so. Currently, each miner’s reward block is 6.25 bitcoins, but this will drop to 3.125 bitcoins in the next cycle on March 21, 2024.

Why is the supply of bitcoin so limited?

So, why are there only 21 million bitcoins? Bitcoin has a limited or limited supply to fulfill its purpose as a monetary system. Limited supply brings an element of rarity. Other characteristics of money are:

  • Acceptance – use as a medium of exchange
  • Durability – the ability to withstand stress, strain, or wear over time
  • Divisibility – the ability to divide into smaller and larger units
  • Fungiability – the ability to exchange equal goods the value
  • Portability – easy movement and storage

Bitcoin achieves a finite supply through the use of its intelligent design: a consensus mechanism for Proof of Work and crypto mining.

How long will it take to mine one bitcoin?

The simple answer is that it depends. Bitcoin mining It is limited to those who can afford expensive computers and electricity.

For example, a mining company in China mines 3% of all bitcoins. It mines 650 bitcoins per month with an electric bill of around $1.2 million.

What is satoshi in bitcoin?

A satoshi is the smallest denomination of bitcoin. All Bitcoin It can be broken down into divisible units, not unlike how $1 and a cent work. One bitcoin consists of 100 million “satoshis,” or “sats,” as they are sometimes called.

At the moment, one satoshi is worth approximately $0.00019. If one satoshi was equal to $0.01, the price of bitcoin would be $1 million.

How many bitcoins have been mined so far?

Current data shows that 19.1 million bitcoins have been mined so far. However, out of this amount, it is estimated that 3-4 million bitcoins are lost forever.

Many people have lost their private keys or initial phrases that gave them access to files Crypto wallets Who Stores Bitcoin. They are now not recoverable.

Others like Satoshi Nakomoto, the creator of bitcoin, is believed to own up to 1 million bitcoins. This anonymous person has not posted any communication since 2010 and many assume that the famous character is dead.

Do all cryptocurrencies have a limited supply?

No, not all cryptocurrencies have a maximum issuance limit. some encryption Choose to limit the number of new tokens traded each year instead.

For example, some cryptocurrencies like Ethereum They have no limit to supplying their tokens. The Ethereum network He chose to set a maximum of 25% – or 19 million ETH per year – that could be produced on his blockchain.

Take the final

Bitcoin has maintained its leadership position for a reason. It is the governance policy and procedures related to its economics that make Bitcoin unique when compared to most of them Other Cryptocurrencies. Its distinct actions that follow traditional monetary systems with continued innovation among the packages is what separates it from other cryptocurrencies. Despite this, anyone dealing with cryptocurrency should aim to purchase it as part of a portfolio Balanced Investment Portfolio to diversify.


Here are some common questions people ask about the number of bitcoins and their features.

  • How many bitcoins are left?
    • There are just over 1.8 million bitcoins left to mine. The last bitcoin is expected to be mined in the year 2140. There will only be 21 million bitcoins in existence.
  • How many bitcoins are mined every day?
    • At the current operating rate, 900 bitcoins are mined per day.
  • Is Bitcoin deflationary?
    • yes. Because of the bitcoin halving cycle every four years, miners get fewer bitcoin rewards over time. This contributes to halving the inflation rate due to the ever-decreasing supply.

Information is accurate as of October 3, 2022.

This article originally appeared
How many bitcoins are there?

The opinions and opinions expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of Nasdaq, Inc.


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