Metaverse: Building a Fairer World in Virtual Reality | ideas

You wear a weird-looking headset that covers your ears and eyes, grab a controller in each hand, and within seconds you’re transported into a 3D virtual world inhabited by other people sharing the same experience with you. Virtual reality (VR) is one of the many technologies used by the term.metaverse“Designed to cover. Metaverse can refer to any other technology that recreates or enhances real-world experiences using technology. Augmented reality (AR), where one sees a technical overlay of the real world, is another example. However, virtual reality is, the most experience The immersive programs available today, and a wonderful opportunity to realize what all lawyers have spent their careers exploring in the programs: how to build a world that better aligns with our expectations of justice.

This post will explain one type of metaverse (metaverses VR) and how users interact with it. He will then explore the philosophy behind natural and human law in the real world. Finally, it will explain how the virtual world allows us to combine natural law and human law to build spaces that correspond to our moral judgments.

What is VR Metaverse?

Virtual reality metaverses are 3D virtual spaces. Users can interact with these spaces in many ways, but the most compelling technology is a virtual reality headset. Many companies offer these headphones, the following is a picture Meta Oculus Quest 2 VR Glasses:

Metaverse_edited

After the user attaches the headset to their head, the two screens in front of their eyes display images while two small speakers next to their ears play audio. He or she can manipulate objects in the virtual world using controllers held in each hand. If the user looks correctly, he sees the virtual world on the right; If they walk forward, they advance in the virtual world. a dead promotional video Explains how technology works. It’s an immersive experience, and the technology is good enough that you can lose yourself in the virtual space.

Similar to a smartphone, there are apps that you can download to your headset to experience different spaces and challenges. Not all are VR worlds. Some are video games in which you are the protagonist, others are educational, and some are productivity-oriented. The Apps may or may not invite other human users to join you in the experiment.

Meta is a popular VR metaverse Horizon worlds The app, where users can explore thousands of 3D worlds while socializing with other users in those spaces. Here are two selfies from these virtual spaces:

Building a fairer world in virtual reality_full Building a fairer world in virtual reality 2_edited

Users can also create their own virtual worlds.

Other popular metaverses of virtual reality include VRChat And the rest room.

Why are there legal systems in the real world?

I was drawn to studying law for the same reason I was drawn to technology: I wanted to know how it worked. We were born into a millennia-old legal system that governs nearly every aspect of our lives, so understanding this (weak) system is important. What you learn as you work your way through the law is that the most interesting question is Why This system does not exist at all.

Life on earth without any human legal system is still governed by laws. Natural laws, like physical laws, constrain and govern all our activity. For some unknown reason, massive objects attract other massive objects to them (gravity), light will not move faster than 299,792,458 m/s in a vacuum and will remain Planck’s constant forever 6.62607015 x 10-34 kg2/s. We have no idea where these laws come from or why they exist, but we are completely subject to them. There is no cheating physics, so every home must obey The laws of thermodynamics.

However, nothing in our natural state prevents us from stealing from our neighbors. Only the laws of physics do not cure theft. (Acceptively, you could argue that nature allows theft to occur.) Without a human legal system, there is no natural force to stop us, and there would be no consequences for this action. The same observation applies to other criminal activity (eg assault and murder). Likewise, nature does not take any position on civil liability. There is no natural law that addresses a breached contract, a breached patent, or misappropriated trade secrets.

Whether by nature or upbringing, something in us understands that a just society cannot allow theft or a false solemn promise. We are compelled to stop these activities from happening and to punish those who commit them. Because nature turns a blind eye, it is up to us to come up with a solution. What we have built in response is a legal system developed and administered by humans to prohibit and punish crimes as well as enforce what is just in civil cases.

Our legal system, at least in part, adapts nature to our notions of justice. One way of thinking about human law is that it acts as a kind of superposition on the body of natural laws. This superposition attempts to fill in the gaps in natural law by imposing the set of moral judgments we see fit. Nature ignores thefts and breach contracts, but we think they are bad, so we ban them, punish those who commit them, and try to make their victims whole.

When we take a step back and examine the ‘overlay of humanitarian law’, we get a clear picture of society’s moral judgments. as such Oliver Wendell Holmes said:, “The law is the witness and external deposit of our moral life. Its history is the history of the moral development of race.” (Say whatever lawyers you like, but the rest of the quote reads, “Practice [the law]Despite popular jests, it tends to make good citizens and good men.” (ID.)) What humans believe to be true is reflected in our legal systems – whether these values ​​are also reflected in nature is a matter of chance.

Unlike natural law, our legal system is not perfect: people regularly commit crimes and escape civil responsibility. But what if we could do more than superimpose our legal system on the natural world? What if the two systems were combined to create a world whose natural laws perfectly reflected our moral judgments?

Standardization of law in metaverse

The metaverse allows us to encode natural law in a virtual space, so that natural law and human law can be combined in fantastic ways. In the metaverse, the speed of light can be variable and massive objects can repel rather than attract each other. The physics of the metaverse is at the whim of the developer. Since natural laws in the metaverse are modifiable in a way that is not in the real world, they can also reflect our moral judgments.

For example, there is no natural law that prevents Alice from stealing Bob’s car. Since they are physically capable of stealing the car, our legal system needs to identify them, prove they committed the crime, pass some punishment and try to make Bob whole again by returning the car or ordering compensation. The physics of the metaverse can completely restrict Alice from taking Bob’s car. In fact, there is a new natural law in this metaverse: you cannot exercise control over other people’s property. Alice cannot violate this law more easily than we can escape the gravitational pull.

As another example, Carlton has officially promised to buy Derek’s virtual home for 0.001 Bitcoin (BTC) if the price of 1 BTC exceeds $30,000 within the next 90 days. The entire transaction lives in the digital realm of the metaverse: cryptocurrency is exchanged for digital real estate at a launch event. Such transactions are the basis of smart contracts, and there is no chance of breaching them because the agreement is executed automatically, and so is the computer code. The Carlton and Derek transaction becomes part of the fabric of the Metaverse legal system, and is executed automatically if the triggering event occurs.

The Metaverses already incorporate moral judgments with their own set of natural laws. While you’re restricted in VR, it can be annoying when another user approaches you or sneaks up on you (looks like they’re right in front of you). To solve this problem, Meta has provided a file personal boundaries The feature that creates a four-foot border around you that others can’t get past. There is no such rule in nature, and we learned a lot when jurisdictions attempted to implement a six-foot-tall mandate during the COVID-19 pandemic with mixed success. However, the Personal Meta Limits rule will work because Meta developers control all aspects of the metaverse.

Lawyers are beginning to turn their attention to the range of legal questions that will arise as metaverses become more common (eg, how will property or disputes work in the metaverse?), but we should not lose sight of the fact that the metaverse offers an opportunity to do more than just apply law to the field Exciting new technology. We can do in the virtual world what we can never hope to achieve in the real world — we can bend the standards of the virtual world to fit our moral judgments and build a space that inherently implements our understanding of what is just and equitable.

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